Information about perennials

Hardy plants

Hardy plants: what are they?

If you want beautiful plants in your garden that you can enjoy every spring, choose perennials. These plants are hardy (will survive the winter) so they will emerge again year after year; some even remain green during the winter. There are plenty of varieties to choose from. But before you go looking for the perennial that’s right for you, it would be a good idea to know exactly what hardiness is and what factors you should take into account.

What are hardy plants?

Hardy plants are ones that will survive the winter without being damaged. These plants produce new stems, leaves, flowers and seeds so that they emerge larger and stronger the next spring. For you, this means enjoying a dazzling garden for a long time to come! Hardy perennials can be categorized into deciduous and evergreen varieties.

Evergreen hardy plant

Evergreen perennials retain their leaves so they remain green during the winter. They will thus add that little bit of color and charm to an otherwise bare winter garden. Examples of attractive hardy perennials that retain their leaves are Christmas Rose (Helleborus), Bergenia, Candytuft (Iberis), Moss Phlox (P. subulata) and Coral Bells (Heuchera).


The parts of deciduous plants seen above the ground die back in the autumn while the parts under the soil surface become dormant. Here, they are protected from the cold and will often survive even the most severe winter weather. Examples of beautiful deciduous hardy perennials are Lady’s Mantle (Alchemilla), Purple Coneflower (Echinacea), Plantain Lily (Hosta) and Stonecrop (Sedum). To provide these deciduous perennials with extra winter protection, leave them covered with fallen leaves. With this nice little blanket, they will sleep peacefully through the winter and emerge next spring as if nothing had happened.

Good to know

Hardy plants kept in pots and containers will be more susceptible to frost damage. To help prevent this, give these plants some protection from the cold.

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Read all about perennials

What are perennials exactly? When you plant them and how to care for them? Find the answers to these questions and more.


Kinds of perennials

Need inspiration for perennials in your garden? A city garden, a modern garden or an insect garden, perennials feel at home everywhere. Click here for inspiration images of different types of gardens.

Kinds of perennials

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